shooting with my 308 and nikon monarch3 6-24x50 zeroed at 200 at what range would yall think id need a 20moa scope base?
Even though the scope adjustment range may be large enough to get to 1,000 yds, you should use a 20 moa base. That's because off-axis optical aberrations that degrade resolution increase with incidence angle. You should set up your rifle so that the incidence angle is minimized for long distance shots (where resolution matters most).
Assume the base is within +/-10 moa of alignment with the rifle bore. Let's also assume your bullet drops no more than 30 moa at 1,000 yds, and you like to zero your rifle at 100 yds. With a standard base, you would need up to -40 moa of adjustment to get to 1,000 yds. That means you need a total 80 moa of adjustment.
With a 20 moa base you would need up to -20 moa to get to 1,000 yds, but up to 26 moa to get to a 100 yd zero (worse case boresight alignment in each case). That means you need a total 52 moa of adjustment. With a 20 moa base, however, the incidence angle at 1,000 yds is 20 moa less, so the image will have less blur.
That depends on how much adjustment range your scope has and the bullet bc and velocity. There are free ballistic calculators out on the web so you can run the calculations yourself. Also, don't forget you can put a set of Burris Signature Zee rings on your rifle and pickup 20 MOA of vertical without a rail or canted bases.