Most of the straight wall "pistol" calibers, I try to keep around 200 meters and below for hunting, but there have been some loads I have pushed beyond that. Gong shooting is a very different story. This was the standard distance in IHMSA rams, so I had much experience at that range.
I have 2 Contender barrels in 357 Max, a 10" and 14", and with the pointed 180gr SSP, which is no longer in production, I could push that bullet beyond the 200m mark and still have expansion. Similar, I have occasionally pushed the 14" 44mag beyond 200m, but the trajectory requires practice.
In my bottleneck rounds, whatever range one is comfortable with shooting, as long as the proper bullet is chosen that allows expansion. While there are many more powerful and faster rounds in handguns, the last few years, I have really enjoyed shooting/hunting with my 30-30AI in a 14" barrel using either 150NBT or the 125's in NBT or AB. Not as much blast and recoil as the 308, but plenty of speed and energy to get the job done. If I do my part.