When you are looking at Hevi-Shot, Remington HD, Winchester Xtended Range, Hevi-13, and ITX Extreme Turkey Trauma-13 shot (#4’s – #7’s), larger shot has several advantages over smaller shot: · Flatter trajectory · Less wind drift · Greater penetration (when looking at equal velocities) · Larger shot sizes are legal in all states So why use smaller HTL shot for long range then? Because the limiting factor for HTL will almost always be pattern density rather than penetration. Smaller pellets mean more pellets in loads of equal weight. More pellets give the potential for denser patterns. Denser patterns will give you more range. If you are getting the minimum 100 pellets in a 10-inch circle, you can assume the penetration is there with HTL. Use the smallest pellets you can and adjust your POA as necessary.