# MOA

Discussion in 'Long Range Hunting & Shooting' started by Pahunter, Mar 20, 2004.

1. ### PahunterWell-Known Member

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What exactly is MOA and how would i go about determining it?

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moa, is "minutes of angle"
If on your scope it is rated as 1/4 moa at 100 yards that means while shooting at 100 yards every click that you turn on the scope in a certain direction will move the bullets position impact 1/4 (.250) of an inch. So if you were shooting 1" to the left you would need to adjust 4 clicks or 1 moa. At further ranges your movement changes. If you were shooting at 700 yards every 1 moa you put on the scope will move the bullets impact 7 inches, 800 yards = 8" . Sometimes you need to be approx. What if you were shooting at 550 yards and you hit 8" high. 1 moa would move your bullet 5.5" . Now 1/2 moa would move your bullet 2.75". You would add those together to get as close as posssible to the desired distance. 5.5" + 2.75" = 8.25" that is as close to 8" as you can come. So you would adjust your scope 1 1/2 moa or 6 clicks. It is a little hard to get the hang of at first but if you think about it, it will eventually come to you. MOA, once you understand it is much easier to use than counting clicks because you are working with smaller numbers.

3. ### PahunterWell-Known Member

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So when your out in the field hunting you adjust your MOA accordingly? Im sure i sound stupid since i know practically nothing about long range so the help is great

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There is no such thing as a stupid question. We all had to start somewhere, knowing very little and relying on others to help us out.

As to your question, yes you would adjust your scope but only after you have taken a range reading and having a drop chart for your individual rifle.

If you have any more question please e-mail me I would be glad to help a newbe. I have alot of additional info but I don't post very often on here I prefer e-mail.

montourcountyrifles@msn.com

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pahunter,

I got your e-mail but my computer says it detected some sort of junk e-mail, and would not let me reply. So I guess we can talk here unless you have another e-mail address. The scope you have should work I beleive the variX III has the target knob turrets correct. Also what are you planning on hunting and how far are you planning on shooting out to.

6. ### PahunterWell-Known Member

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Turret knobs? I dont think it has them( the scope is 10-15 years old) Sorry i dont have another email, that one isnt even mine . I am gonna be hunting whitetails here in PA, and I dont think ill be shooting more than 600 yards.

7. ### BrentWell-Known Member

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Montour summed it up pretty well already, but here's some food for thought.

The angle you're dealing with that this relates to is the boreline (BL) to line of sight (LOS) angle, refered to in minutes of angle (MOA).

The BL extends out the bore in a "straight" line to infinity, first off.

LOS extends from the crosshair to infinity in a "straight" line also.

Bullet DROP is measured from your imaginary BL.

Bullet PATH is measured from your imaginary LOS.

DROP is measured in a PLUMB line from the BL, PATH is not, but at a right angle to LOS.

As soon as a bullet leaves the barrel, it immediately begins to fall from the BL because of gravity. How much it falls depends on the time of flight (TOF).

Side note -
A bullets BC determines its rate of velocity decay, thus effects its TOF. A higher BC bullet will have a shorter TOF if both are fired at the same MV, temperature and barometric pressure being the same also.

With LOS intersecting the bull at 100 yards, and if your BL is actually "paralell" to your LOS, the bullets point of impact (POI) will be low.
The amount it will fall below this point of aim (POA) is equal to the DROP at 100 yards, added to your scope's height.

For this example, your scope height will be 1.0", and your drop from BL will be 2.0". So, in the above "parellel" (BL and LOS)situation, your POI would be 3" lower than POA.

Bullet PATH would be -3". (From LOS)
Bullet DROP would be -2". (From BL)

In order to move POI up, you need to dial the elevation turret so the LOS moves toward, and intersects the BL at POA, or 100 yards.

A scopes turret adjustments are designed and calibrated so each click (line) moves the crosshair .25 MOA (a hair more than .25") at "100 yards", most of them are anyway. 4 clicks, or lines on the turret will equal 1 MOA, or just a hair over 1" (1.0472" exactly).

In our example, you would dial 3 MOA into the elevation turret to compensate for 1" of scope height and 2" of DROP at 100 yards. With LOS back on the bull, the BL is now effectively 2" above our LOS at 100 yards. The bullet drops 2" from the BL at 100 yards, and now 2" below the BL is our POA... drop is now compensated for perfectly.

We call bullet PATH, the drop below LOS beyond our zero range, or hight above LOS before or zero range. Trajectory +- LOS.

So, at 200 yards, our bullet PATH is say, -4" below our LOS.

What do we do to compensate for this if it's beyond 100 yards? Dial 4 more MOA in? NO, only at 100 yards 1 MOA equals 1".

Picture this; your BL intersecting 2" above your LOS at 100 yards, both straight lines, and begining 1" apart at the rifle. So, if you dial 1 MOA into the turret now, at 100 yards your POI will change 1 inch, BUT at 200 yards it would change POI 2 inches, 300 yards it would change POI 3", at 650 yards it would change POI about 6.5", so on and so forth.

The angle remains the same, 1 MOA, but the range beyond that is 2, 3, or 6.5 times "that" which 1 MOA is equal to nearly 1" (100yds). Remember that bullet DROP is measured from the BL, and the BL at any given angle is 2, 3, or 6.5 times higher than your LOS depending on the distance away from your 100 yard zero.

If your target is at 1000 yards, it's 10 times farther than 100 yards. So, to move the POI 10" you'd dial in 1 MOA. The same 1 MOA change in adjustment is moving the BL 1" higher at 100 yards, but 10" higher at 1000 yards. Draw the angles out on a piece of paper to scale and you'll see it easily. POI would actually change 10.47" exactly, because 1 MOA changes POI at 100 yards 1.047", a hair more than 1". Thus 1.047 x 10 = 10.47".

If you know the bullet path is -57" at 600 yards from 100 yard zero, and you want to dial it in and rezero it for 600 yards instead of holding 57" over your bull, you know it's 6 times as far, so you take 57 and divide it by 6 to come up with the MOA to dail, which is 9.5 MOA.

To go one step further, you record the MOA difference between each 50 or 100 yard increment on your drop chart in order to move from one zero range to another quickly. Say for instance you just dropped a Coyote at that 600 yards, but the next one stops and gives you a shot at 700. If you know there's 2.75 MOA more needed from 600 to 700, you can just crank that on and fire.

If a target's at 687 yards, do yourself a favor and move the decimal over two places and divide this inches by 6.87 to compensate for drop, or to move the bullet impact a certain number of inches left or right...

Think in terms of MOA. Your drops, wind drift etc should all be recorded in MOA.

Clear as mudd?

8. ### PahunterWell-Known Member

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thanks for the help. The more thought i put into it the more sense it makes. If we get a warm day with low winds around here sometime soon im gonna hit the range and try this out

9. ### 700Well-Known Member

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"There is no such thing as a stupid question. We all had to start somewhere, knowing very little and relying on others to help us out."

Montour Rifles said it all. Thankfully this is not an experts group but a group of people on and a learning curve. Each person is at a different point on the curve but everybody had to start at the beginning.

It it best to state things explicitly.

1 MOA = 1 Minute Of Angle = 1/60 of a Degree. Using the Sine Rule this "Subtends" 1.047 Inches (26.6mm) at 100 Yards or 1.145 Inches (29.08 mm) at 100 Meters.

In you are not familiar with the Sine rule gimme a shout at brian_sinnott@hotmail.com. Hell, gimme a shout anyway and I will send you more info.

If 1 MOA = 1.047 Inches (26.6mm) at 100 Yards

If 1 MOA = 2.094 Inches (53.2mm) at 200 Yards

Excetera

Scale up for yardage.

Regards

7oo

[ 03-20-2004: Message edited by: 700 ]

10. ### BrentWell-Known Member

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I may understand some things "okay", but you all are fillin me in the things daily, what I like about this place...

Sine - Teach us a thing or two on that, 700.

11. ### PahunterWell-Known Member

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I agree with brent