Howdy. I presently do not shoot long range or ultra long range but I have to admit that the thought of doing so intrigues me. I bought a piece of software called Long Range Shooting 2. No it's not the same or even close (the story Crow Mag told about shooting a crow in the head gets me every time that I read it ) as pulling a real trigger. The software is pretty decent for teaching basic things like using a Mil Dot reticle scope for ranging, wind correction, etc. I can't seem to get it down though. I always range short. I've read, pondered, studied, and researched until I'm at my wit's end. What's the "secret"? Is the Mil Dot as coarse as it appears to be (especially at 1000 yds plus)? or am I just a complete rookie? Both? Neither? Just me? This is what I do. The target is 30" tall with a 12" red square 3" down from the top. I try to find something in the target that fits between the centers of a pair of mil dots. The software designer was a cruel beast in that nothing ever fits. You have to eyeball it. So, if I guess .8 mils, I then calc MOA like so (30"(target) X 27.778)/.8 = 1,041.7 yards. I go to the ballistic table and in this case I would use 1050. Sometimes I extrapolate to get the number closer. The software has range conditions in it. In the most recent case the range was 110 deg F and 3,450 MSL. That, as I've learned, has a drastic effect on POI. So, is there a better way to correct for atmospheric conditions? Is there a formula? What about wind drift. That is affected too correct? Can I use the Mil Dot's on the actual impact and adjust from there? From my point of view, if I missed, then I don't know the range, so the Mil Dot displacement of the miss means nothing. Sorry this isn't about using a real rifle.