Help - developing 7mm stw load - questions

Discussion in 'Reloading' started by jman41, Nov 24, 2011.

  1. jman41

    jman41 Member

    Feb 20, 2011
    HELP! Been trying to develop a new long distance capable loads for my 7mm STW.
    Have chronographed a number of test loads and cannot get my feet on the ground.

    Rifle: Shilen DGA-M, new 26in, 1 in9" stainless barrel under a S&B PMII 5x25 DT cm scope. Have shot in new barrel with over 75 shots w/ correct cleaning process. Gun shoots consistent 1/2"MOA @ 100yds. Having problem getting FPS up over 3000 fps. Load specs: Federal 215 Lr. Mag Primers, Fireformed (once fired) Rem Cases, Retumbo Powder and Ber ger 168 gr. VLD bullet set off lands @ 0.030"

    Test bullet used: 168 gr Berger VLD Hunting

    Have chrono'd 5 shot groups as follows:
    String 1 --78.1 GR ----Retumbo ----------2924.8 ----5
    String 2 --78.3 GR ----Retumbo ----------2814.7 ----5
    String 3 --78.5 GR ----Retumbo ----------2817.6 ----5
    String 4 --78.8 GR ----Retumbo ----------2868.3 ----5
    String 5 --79.0 GR ----Retumbo ----------2942.5 ----5
    String 6 --79.8 GR ----Retumbo ----------2919.8 ----5
    String 7 --80.5 GR ----Retumbo ----------2896.5 ----5
    String 8 --81.0 GR ----Retumbo ----------2904.5 ----2

    My objective is to push load up over 3000 fps. Note String 1 load has high 2924.8 avg. fps, String 5 load is highest but still can't get bullet past 3000 fps.

    Shot in barrel using several boxes of commercial HSM Gold Trophy (same) 168 gr. Berger VLDs, chrono'd HSMs loads at 3195 avg. fps (20 rounds).

    Pushed powder load to big time max in String 8, but more Retumbo doesn't seem to push 168 gr. Berger any faster using 2 grains of addtional powder?

    Have prepared new test loads using other powders, RL22, IMR 7828 and 4831SC. Just need to get down to the range to test and chrono.

    ADVICE WELCOME! Anyone had such a problem!
  2. bruce_ventura

    bruce_ventura Well-Known Member

    May 22, 2011
    I've heard of MV maxing out, but haven't experienced it myself. Are you seeing any signs of excessive pressure: bolt face impressions on the base, popped primers, stuck cases, etc.?

    Based on my Barnes and Lee manuals, the hot powders for 160-175 gr bullets in this caliber seem to be RL25, Magnum, H870, IMR7828 and Accurate 8700. The first two should get you to 3100 fps with those Berger 168 gr bullets.

    FWIW, I don't invest as much in a single powder on my first pass as you did. I usually shoot a string of increasing charge, but only one load per charge weight. I repeat this for at least two more powders. When I shoot these strings, I look primarily for MV and pressure signs. I also watch impacts to identify the high and low positions.

    Then I select a couple of powders and develop loads for 5-shot groups, each group with a different charge. I usually only shoot 4-6 such groups on the second pass, looking primarily at group extreme spreads. I usually find what I'm looking for without needing a third pass. If not, I then start to vary seating depth, change powders, or change bullets.

    Good luck.
    Last edited: Nov 27, 2011
  3. jman41

    jman41 Member

    Feb 20, 2011

    No signs of excessive pressure, primers all look good, etc. I originally started using Retumbo in a my Shilen DGA-M .300 RUM barrel and was very pleased with MV shooting Berger 168 gr. VLD. Found I could push the VLD to 3400 fps, just got tired of getting pounded at the recoil end of my rifle.

    Dropped down to 7mm STW and have seen great groups. I start off shooting for sweet spot group combined with most MV. Once I'm in the range of desired MV, I drop to 3 shot groups, pick the best group then start to work on bullet COAL.

    Thanks for the info. will report back with results of RL22, 7828, etc. I have some H1000 and H5010 I may try also.
  4. Elkmen

    Elkmen Well-Known Member

    Jul 2, 2010
    In my STW I have used both RL -19 and H-1000. The most accurate loads are typically a couple of grains over max. I have an older Hodgons that shows H-1000 loaded at 82 grains with the 160. Work up carefully and cautiously.
  5. Loner

    Loner Well-Known Member

    Apr 14, 2010
    80 grains of h1000 for me with a 162 grain. 3000 fps isn't even pushing it. A 7mag
    will do that. With your barrel you should see 3150 or so. You may have to change bullets
    as well. Bearing surface has a lot to do with speed as well. All that said, a stw was really
    designed to shine with 140 grain bullets. So don't expect the kind of efficiency you would
    get from a 300wmag with the heavier bullets.
  6. orwapitihunter

    orwapitihunter Well-Known Member

    Jan 4, 2004
    I have played with two different 7 STW's. The first was nothing more than a parts gun put together with a 26" take off Sendero barrel. That rifle has a long throat and with the 162 Amax seated to just off the lands my oal is in the 3.9" neighborhood. I use IMR 7828 to push those Amaxes at 3240. I found the max listed load in my manual resulted in a gain of about 70 fps over my 24" barrel 7 RM. So I slowly worked up over book max, watching velocity and for the typical signs of excessive pressure. I started to get a bit of increased bolt lift at 2 grains over the load I settled on. The MV also stopped increasing at a linear rate at about the load I chose and then jumped up to about 3300 at the point of increased bolt lift. I have been shooting this load for quite awhile now and my W-W brass has shown no ill effects after 6 or 7 firings. This load also shoots in the .3s with regularity.

    The second STW was built on a Stevens 200 that I lengthened and tubed with a 26" factory Savage varmint weight barrel. I used some Sierra 168 SMKs and H1000 with R-P brass for break in loads for that rifle. I never cronographed any of those loads as I just loaded 40 rounds for a baseline, and then made changes to the rifle to see what differences they would make (things like bedding, and recrowning). I did end up with that rifle shooting that random load into 1/2 moa at 500 yrds.

    So I would say from my limited experiences that good accuracy isn't too hard to find, and at least some of the loading data doesn't fit well to all rifles. Work up carefully!
  7. jmsbigsmooth

    jmsbigsmooth Well-Known Member

    Dec 12, 2010
    Is there a reason for the heavy bullets? What are we hunting? Or are we just looking for good groups? I use 130gr Sierra Matchkings and US869 and get very good groups. MV is probably around 3600. Dropped a 250lb Mulley with it and only ran 35 yards.
  8. trebark

    trebark Well-Known Member

    Jan 16, 2008
    How reliable is your chronograph? do you have a rifle and load you can use as a control and test fire it over the chronograph and see if you can match previous results with that rifle and load?

    Just noticed that your incremental change was .2 or .3 grains. With a case capacity in the 80grain range, you should consider a .5grain change as a minimum.

    Finally, if your chronograph is not lying to you, and the velocity results you have are 'true' then consider changing powders to H1000 before going to H4831.
  9. yamadog

    yamadog Well-Known Member

    Jan 28, 2008
    i shoot 7mmstw 29"barrel broughton barrel and 162 gn A-Max I am getting 3092fps with 77.4 gn H-1000 ATC .125 inch group at 100 yrds , 75.9 reloader 25 3072 fps ATC .332 at 100 yrds ( average center to center = ATC ) but i bet the 29 inch barrel has alot to do with it . i like H-1000 the best so far i did try more powder but didn't measure the speed of them and group were pertty good with alot of them just fps spread i didn't like . i use alot fed 215 primers and some cci mag primers . seems it will move faster the farther it is off of the lands
    Last edited: Nov 26, 2011
  10. jman41

    jman41 Member

    Feb 20, 2011

    Got hooked on Berger 168 Gr VLDs when I started out with a new .300 RUM Shilen barrel but just got tired of getting pounded, so dropped down to 7mm STW. Like the higher BCs of the Berger 168 VLDs and have seen 3195 avg. MV from purchased commercial HSM Trophy Gold loads w/ same Berger 168 VLD I chronographed while breaking in the new Shilen 7mm STW barrel. Therefore I know I can get up to 3100s in a reload. Wrote HSM to inquire (didn't expect much) and didn't a bit of advice/data. Went to buy a couple of more boxes only to find them to be out of stock for now.

    Going on a winter Elk Hunt on Navarro Reservation (NM/Arizona) in January, 2012 and wanted to work out to 400-500 yds with 168 VLD before trip. Have shot my old trusty .300 H&H Pre-War Model 70 rifle for years, dropped a Muley a while back at 695 yards with .300 H&H, however have three sons and haven't seen much of my .300 H&H for past 2 South Texas deer seasons. Like the 140 gr. but prefer the bigger 168 gr. bullets for now.
    Last edited: Nov 26, 2011
  11. 21buck

    21buck Well-Known Member

    Aug 5, 2008
    How are you doing with your loads? I worked up loads for a 25STW 1-9 29" barrel. I ended up with RL25 and burning the length of the barrel. My crony isn't registering. The load puts them almost all in a single hole when I do my part. This rifle will be hunting Nilgi on the Kennedy Ranch a week from today. Shooting 110 gr Accubond sighted dead on at 300 yds. The load is maximum for the rifle.
    I shot three rounds per grain til I got pressure problems backed off 1.5 gr and then .2 grain . I feel that we are getting 3900-4000 fps. or just real close to it.