Discussion in 'Long Range Hunting & Shooting' started by njbowhntr, Mar 16, 2011.

  1. njbowhntr

    njbowhntr Active Member

    Feb 12, 2011
    I am very new to learning terms and the aspects of long range shooting. What does the term "es"mean?

    Thank you
  2. liltank

    liltank Well-Known Member

    Nov 3, 2008

    ES= Extreme Spread- The speed between your lowest and highest velocity.

    Ex: 2650 the lowest, and 2675 the highest. The ES would be 25fps.

    SD= Standard Deviation- The average speed differential between each shots.

  3. Natty Bumpo

    Natty Bumpo Well-Known Member

    Jan 4, 2008
    Usually used in reference to "extreme spread"; referring to the difference in velocity between the fastest and slowest bullets for a given handload. You need a chronograph to measure the velocity of your loads. Guys will also use SD as an abbreviation of Standard Deviation. Another measure of how consistent your bullet velocities are.

    With respect to ES and SD, smaller is better. If your loads are more consistent in their velocity, you will see less vertical dispersion in bullet impact as you begin shooting farther and farther. A high ES or SD won't make much difference in your group size at 100 or 200 yards. As you get out past 400 yards it can make a difference.

    If you see the words "maximum spread", they're probably referring to the group size on the target, measured as the distance between to 2 farthest apart bullet holes on the target. Most folks use the "center to center" distance, which can be measured by taking the distance from the outside of the bullet holes and subtracting one bullet diameter.

    Sorry if I sound patronizing. Just wanted to cover the basics.

    Hmmm, I see while I've been typing, liltank has already answered your question . . . . .