I've said this many times but I can't wait for the day when we can all get reliable pressure testing equipment at a cost that's workable and yet the machines are honest and trust worthy.
Back in the day we couldn't get a decent range finder, once we got them all those 500 yard shots we were making were suddenly 285 yards and 330 etc. You get the point.
IMO, once we get the machines all the loads that we have that "show no pressure" will all of a sudden make our underwear very tight
Until then, we can only use guess and by gollie and what we're wanting to achieve.
I still think that watching how long the primer pockets stay tight and our manuals from companies like Hodgdon who actually pressure test their loads is the best we can do.
Other than that, Powder River let er buck as to what you're comfy on.
I'll close by using my good friends mantra of "pressure equals speed and speed equals pressure". There is no free lunch my friends.