A while back len ask if anyone would write a thread on basic gunsmithing
to help the new members or just the ones interested in doing some things
for them self, So hear goes.
The main reason for doing basic gunsmithing is to improve the performance
of the weapon. There are many ways to improve a weapon but I will start
with the basics that can be performed by almost anyone.
1= Start looking at the weapon and understand what it's strengths and weakness
are and develop a plan as to what you think it needs and follow your plan one step
at a time.
2= I would suggest a thorough cleaning of the bore,chamber,bolt face and action.
Most hunting rifles are never realy cleaned so do a good solvent clean and as you
do you will notice that the patches will glide through the bore in places and drag
in others, Keep cleaning untill the bore feels slick all the way through.This may
take several hours and many strokes (4 or 500 ) if the barrel was realy fouled.many
rifles have responeded to a back to bare metal cleaning by returning to the way
it once shot with no further work required.
3= If the cleaning did not help the next step is to remove the barreled action from
the stock and carefully look at the stock and barreled action for wear points or places
that they were touching,these pressure points may be the problem and must be
4= If the barreled action to stock fit is in question then a bedding and barrel floating
would be the next step. Each type of action ( Rem, win,savage,browining ETC )
responds to different locations for the bedding to get the best results so use this
web site to find out the most common method used for your action. I allways start
with installing pillars on all types of stocks unless they are allready installed. if the
stock has a bedding block set the barreled action in the stock with the barrel facing
up and the recoil lug seated against the recoil surface of the bedding block, Hold the
stock barrel and action with one hand and look in the bedding screw holes in the
stock at the threaded holes in the recever. THEY SHOULD BE CENTERED!! so that the
bedding screws don't become the recoil lug.If they are not then bedding must be
placed between the recoil lug and the recoil surface of the bedding block. I use heat
shrink on the bedding screws to align the action and to space the recoil lug for bedding.
5= Next would be to float the barrel, but before you start bedding check the fit and
remove any pressure points. after this is done you may place a thin piece of shim .(020)
between the tip of the fore end and the barrel this will help allign the barrel to the
stock during bedding.
6= After the bedding has cured and the stock and barreled action has separated
then you can float the barrel to what ever clearance you desire or the stock will allow.
7= Before placing the barreled action in the stock for final checking and torque look at the
crown and see if it is sharp and there are no nicks or scraches. If there are you should
get it recowned.
8=Last but not least is the trigger. it should be crisp and clean when it breaks with no over
travel. I would recomend no less than 2 lbs for a hunting rifle to be safe and if you have
never adjusted a trigger don't be afraid to ask someone NOTE!! I do not recomend adjusting
I know this was more than 5 things to do but I felt the need to finish the project with a rifle
ready to shoot.
All of these things are automatic when building a custom rifle
and will work as long as you
have a good barrel and good ammunition for a factory rifle.This is a good way to start
learning gunsmithing And with time you can become a good gunsmith once you understand
what is required for accuracy and dependability.
It is much harder to make a poor performing factory shoot well than to build a custom rifle
that shoots well because with a custom rifle you have all of the best parts to work with
and there is a lot of satisfaction in making a silk purse out of a sows ear.
This is just the method I use and is basic smithing . But by taking it step by step it
eliminates unnessary work and cost.
Sorry about the spelling and grammar but I dislocated my right shoulder and had to type
this left handed .
J E CUSTOM