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Varmint Hunting Techniques For Prairie Dogs, Woodchucks, etc.


300 Ultra for 2000yd. dogs

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Unread 10-27-2007, 09:58 AM
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Originally Posted by Eaglet View Post
A 210 Berger at 5000' Elevation, my 300 RUM with a 2980 ft/sec muzzle velocity does make it to 2000 yards. I would need 64.4 MOA and a Night force scope (5.5x22-56 = 100 MOA) with 30 MOA base would give you close to 75 MOA of adjustment. That's to get there and still supersonic; hitting anything is something different!
seems like a slow muzzle velocity, my 210 Bergers are 3150 from a 26" barrel at alt of 3200'
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Unread 10-27-2007, 11:22 AM
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Originally Posted by AJ Peacock View Post
Interesting read indeed.

What do you consider accurate at 2 miles? What would be considered inaccurate?
Well... that's a loaded question! What is accurate at 1,000 yds?

20" groups? How about 10" groups?? OK, how about 5" groups???

I'm long in the tooth enough to remember then Louise DeVito broke the 10 inch "barrier" at 1,000 yds, at Williamsport PA... with a worlds shattering record of 7" (point something) group, and no one could believe it. In fact, back not that many years ago, most people didn't believe you could shoot 20" groups at 1,000 yds.

Now... the 1,000 yard record is well under 2". So was Louise's rifle accurate (it set a world record), or is it a piece of junk, cuz it's isn't even in the running?

So what is accurate at 2 miles?

When Skip Talbot was alive, he ran a shooting barbecue at his place a few times a year for 50 BMG shooters, and the target "de jour" was a boulder that was not too big - at 2,700 yards. Over the years, the boulder was torn to shreds... is that accurate? I mean a boulder? How about a chipmunk at 2,700 yds. What is accurate?

There is no such thing as a definition of "accurate", because it keeps morphing as we get better, we build better rifles, we make better barrels, we make better bullets, and we understand (and can measure) atmospherics better.

It appears that their accuracy is on the order of around 10ft of their target with repeated attempts. Thats around 3moa+, however if its 10ft left, 10ft right etc, then its more like 6moa+ unless I miss understood something (it is late).
I don't think they shot a "group" that day... they were dialing in on a Prairie Dog, the same way a PD shooter would at 1,000 with a .22-250, or .243 - correcting for the wind by chasing puffs of dust.

But if we use 10 feet as an example, that 3 MOA at 3,500 yds.

Would you stand there? Not this fool - I may be dumb, but I'm not stupid!

Keep in mind that there is 10 seconds of flight time, and much of that time, the bullet is well over 100 feet above the ground, and flying through the air... so unless a day is picked that has "0" wind, the actual grouping capability is not evident.

But the reason I put that link there is that the bullets sure as hell aren't tumbling. At 2 miles, and 3 MOA, they are still more accurate (in moa) than a lot of hunting rifles that come over the counter are, at 100 yds.

It appears that if 1000 yard groups are hitting at 1/2MOA, that something is happening out there when the bullet drops out of supersonic to go from 1/2MOA to 6moa+?
A CLASSICAL mistake in analysis of a shooting problem... the assumption that "... something is happening out there when the bullet drops out of supersonic to go from 1/2MOA to 6moa+?".

Let me translate your logical error into the arena that is more familiar to the average shooter. How's this for an example?

It appears that if 100 yard groups are hitting at 0.10" MOA, that something is happening out there when the bullet drops out of supersonic to go from 0.1 moa to 2 moa at 1,000 yds?
This example would be fitting to a .22-250... yes?

But lets take the same example to another cartridge.

It appears that if 100 yard groups are hitting at 0.10" MOA, that something is happening out there to the bullet when the groups are going from 0.3 moa at 100 yds to 1.5 moa at 1,000 yds? WITHOUT GOING SUBSONIC!!
What the hell happened to the bullet - this is a 300 Win Mag, and this scenario is NOT unrealistic.

A lot of stuff happens to bullets as they fly, and the more time they are flying around in the atmosphere, the more bad stuff happens to them.

It is not logical to automatically attribute ANY of this to "subsonic" events, unless you can document them.

If these things are subsonic caused, then you should be able to duplicate them at ANY range where the bullet passes from supersonic to subsonic... a .22 Hornet at 400yds... but you can't!!

So there goes that theory, up in smoke.

There is the belief that there is some kinda "Trans sonic zone" that is filled with turbulence, that tosses and tumbles bullets well off their track.

As an experiment sometime, get a .308 or 30-06 and a box of tracers. Go off with a friend and a spotting scope. Have your friend shoot at something faaaar off, even if it's just the side of a mountain... and watch the tracers through the scope - they go "subsonic" at 700 to 800 yds.

I have done this - so should you!

As you watch those glowing bits of fire fly across the sky, what you will NOT SEE, is any deviation in path or flight characteristics, as the bullet "transcends the terrible trans-sonic wall" that is so frequently mentioned by those that know nothing about it.

There are many other issues in long range bullet flight, and when you get waaay out there some of these come into play... the most common is lack of rotational stability. It is simply the fact that as bullets slow down in forward speed, their rotational speed also slows down, though not in direct proportion... and at some point, they are just not spinning fast enough to stay point first.

A 12" twist has been the standard twist for the 308... and in some cases, shooters of the 308 at 1,000 yds complained of bullets tumbling at 1,000 yds.

It was automatically assumed that it was the dreaded "trans-sonic turbulence zone" booger men that were getting the bullets... but, a switch to 10" twist stopped the problem... so what happened to the "trans-sonic turbulent zone" - it was not the problem in the first place.

Funny... the thousands and thousands of match shooters that used 30-06 rifles for 50" years prior to the 308, NEVER complained about tumbling bullets - how come??

Because the 30-06 has ALWAYS had a 10" twist!!

It is Sooooooo tempting for people to "grab" onto an explanation that seems to explain a problem, if they are not trained to look at those kinds of problems - mankind has done it since the dark ages (think back to the "science" of astronomy of the years of 1400 AD).

I have a good friend that I teach radio with.
His name is Mark Spencer.

He is a TOP military pilot for U-2 spy plains and B-2 bombers. He was "the" adviser to General Schwarzkopf during Desert Storm.

He has spent more time supersonic, than ALL of you guys have spent shooting, put together.

His bonafides are here, read them - he is a VERY interesting man:

Town of Newington, CT - NARL Program: new approach to teaching basic electronics

About the presenter

ARRLWeb: WA8SME is New Coordinator of ARRL's "The Big Project"

The U-2 in Desert Storm Chapter 6 Desert Storm

Now... the point of this is, I asked Mark about the dreaded "Trans-sonic zone", in relation to shooting and bullets, and he laughed.

A summary of what he said was... most civilians get their idea of supersonic flight from movies from the 60's. The "wall" or "Barrier" was from the design of the planes, not the sound barrier - there is no such thing. The problems with the planes of the time, was that the wings were designed for lift and not speed, so they were thick, REALLY THICK. Also, a lot of equipment was placed in the wings, like cannons and 50 cal machine guns, with the large boxes of belted ammunition.

When the plane went to and over the speed of sound, the air molecules could not smoothly flow over the thick wings in time to get out of the way of the next bunch of molecules, so they jammed up on top of themselves, and caused the wing to vibrate.

The second problem was that the elevator tail control surfaces were on the rear end of the tail, and the air flow characteristics of the tail above the sound of speed, meant that the air didn't return to the control surfaces in time for the elevators to have proper effect - the pilots of the time didn't understand this (no one did), so they called it "The sound barrier"... but when engineers got hold of it, and started using wind tunnels, they easily solved this problem by using the whole tail as an elevator.

The third problem was the wings were at 90 to the fuselage, and weren't braced for the loads that the high speed airflow caused.

So the planes shook at high speed.

When flying a current designed plane, there is NO change in the plane as it goes past the speed of sound - if you are accelerating, you feel the slightest change in G forces pushing you into the seat, because the "rate of change" in speed changes... but you have to be looking hard to feel it, because it is so small... there is no shaking or any other effect, except that you see the fuel consumption gauge show a 3x increase in pounds per second.


So that's Mark's comments on the "Trans-sonic zone" BS. I'll take his opinion over some yahoo at the shooting range.

For Curtis "Hell divers" in WW-II, it was a real problem, but for bullets, it does NOT exist.

There is no "trans-sonic" turbulence that causes bullets to tumble - it is a wives tale.

Every time someone rants about the "trans-sonic turbulence" effecting bullets... there are lots of folks out there that are laughing - they don't say anything, cuz they are tired of the arguments (as am I), but the giggles are there, just the same.

Meow ;)

Spring has sprung, da' creek has riz, I wonder where dem kitties is? Here, kitty kitty kitty.

LRH member #23

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Unread 10-27-2007, 12:55 PM
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OK, maybe I should have said - Something is happening out there "as the bullet slows"?

Maybe it's just the long flight time, the fact that the wind is tough to dope at 3500yds (I have trouble at 1/10th that sometimes), mirage sucks or the phase of the moon is affecting them. Maybe its the rotational stuff I don't know.

You said (There is no such thing as a definition of "accurate", ...) and I suppose thats true.

I was just curious what your definition was, not trying to start anything re the whole 'trans-sub-sonic-vibration-end-of-the-world-make-believe-phenomenon" thing. :-)

My definition would include something about an expectation of a hit on my intended target, whether I was shooting a LR rifle or a slingshot.

I suppose those rifle's are accurate, they are just being used beyond their realistic limits or any expectation of a hit. If they are hitting in a 10' diameter circle thats around 11,000sq inch area. If a prairie dog is a 10sq inch target then they can expect to hit him once every 1100 shots!

If some is good and more is better, then too much is just right.

My mind is a raging torrent, flooded with rivulets of thought, cascading into a waterfall of creative alternatives
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Unread 10-27-2007, 01:34 PM
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Originally Posted by AJ Peacock View Post
Yeah, but 2000yds is whole different can of worms than 2miles (3520 yds)
AJ, I agree with you. I was just commenting in reference to the original post.

Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.

Our Lord Jesus said that as it was in the days of Noah and
also as it was in the days of Lot so it shall be in the days...
It's happening again!!! God sent to us His prophet, and His Word
to this generation and we once more are rejecting it as was prophesied!!!

---> As promised, God Sent His Prophet to us!
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Unread 10-27-2007, 01:39 PM
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Skidly, you're also right! in the past I was driving them at 3100+, till I got tired on only being able to use my brass only a couple of times. Some batches maybe 3 times. ???

Originally Posted by Skidly_50 View Post
seems like a slow muzzle velocity, my 210 Bergers are 3150 from a 26" barrel at alt of 3200'

Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.

Our Lord Jesus said that as it was in the days of Noah and
also as it was in the days of Lot so it shall be in the days...
It's happening again!!! God sent to us His prophet, and His Word
to this generation and we once more are rejecting it as was prophesied!!!

---> As promised, God Sent His Prophet to us!

Last edited by Eaglet; 10-27-2007 at 02:14 PM.
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Unread 11-12-2007, 05:55 PM
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Extreme distances

at those type of ranges, muzzle velocity is pretty irrelevant. Everything is going to go subsonic at 2000+ yds. May as well not use a cannon that is going to wear out in 1000rds.

As far as accuracy goes, there is nothing that can hit a pop can on demand at those type of distances. The best you can do is putting a bullet in 1/2 MOA consistently. That is still many times bigger then the intended target.

Even if you had microscopic accuracy, look at what a change in wind speed of 2mph will have on any bullet. Over that much distance, doping all the variables to inside 2mph is very tough. Thus being able to shoot inside 1/2 MOA without alot of wind flags along the way is tough.

Personally, my extreme range rifle is working around the 180gr Berger at 2850fps. Very high BC, should stay stable after going subsonic, accurate bullet, reasonably priced to shoot.

My goal is to be able to hit 1/2 MOA boulders at 2000+yds. We shall see how successful I get.

The last story I read about varminters hitting at these distances, it took many trips and hundreds of rds to get that PD. Personally, that is more like directed spray and pray. My goal is to be able to hit that size of rock approaching 90% of the time.

That is already very tough.

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Unread 11-13-2007, 08:48 PM
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The big Rampro action gun in the article was a 34" Lilja in a 9" bedding block (has 5 nickels under the bedding but do not ask why), 338 Lapua AI and throated for 250 SMKs, at least with the second barrel.

Kreg had been running them around 2850 or so for best accuracy he told me. I owned the gun for 4 years after that article.

I used it in mile matches with 300 SMKs at 2875 and it would hold about 14-20" for 5 shot groups at the mile. It would do about 7-8" at 1000 (10 shot groups) most days and that is without the brake which made it real fun to shoot. I have done 18" with a 210 JLK in a 300 WSM at the mile also. In mile matches I have hit clay pigeons only about 2-3x, at least the ones I was aiming at. It is rare to be able to hit a clay pigeon at one mile, much less over 2000 yards.

We have shot further but it is really hard to hit on call at those distances without several sighters as everyone has pointed out.

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