Re: What makes for a barrel burner?
What you are trying to avoid is an "overbore" cartridge. This is where the water capacity compared to the caliber is quite high. In other words a 25-06 would be an overbore as compared to a 30-06.
As per dropping an elk at 1,000 yards, I personally don't shoot at game that far. I've seen elk get hit and keep going. I'm just not there yet. The longest shot I will allow myself to take is 500 yards.
There are pleanty of cartridges that can do what you want. Look into 338 Edge, 338 Lapua, 300 RUM, 338 RUM to just name a few.
AR's for coyotes
25-06 M70 for coyotes
6.5-06 Remington Custom w/Leupold Mark IV 6.5-20 tactical setup
AR10 for mule deer
6.5-06 M700 for mule deer
338 Lapua Mag M700 for elk