Re: Bullet Energy and velocity
The term "bringing down" game is often misunderstood. You can bring down a deer, eventually, with some pretty shallow wounds that will cause it to bleed out and (if you're lucky) you can follow the blood trail to your kill. That is not, IMO, an acceptable hunter ethic. It is generally accepted that a certain amount of energy needs to be available in the projectile at the point of contact with the animal to bring it down humanely. The number I most often read is 1000 ft lbs. But if the bullet simply passes through the body mass without transferring that energy you may as well be shooting target arrows.
While you may find that ballistics calculations, including kinetic energy, give you a good idea about the long range capability of your rifle, it is also important to select bullets wisely. They need to expand to transfer energy (shock) but they shouldn't fragment. Unless, of course, your just hunting varmints.
I like Bergers for target - but not for hunting. I don't like their fragmentation characteristics and because they are lead core the lead fragments can be difficult (if not impossible) to remove from the game and I don't want lead fragments in my meat. My personal preference for hunting loads is Sierra.
I have a great woman, fantastic kids, a warm place to sleep and an accurate rifle. Life is good ..............
Hunter Safety Instructor - Rifle/Pistol Marksmanship Instructor
American riflemans triad - God, guts and guns. It built America and it'll preserve America. Abandon one and you lose them all.