Re: 22-250 vs. 223 for a long range beginner?
I have both and my vote is for the 22-250. Admittedly, the .223 factory ammo is going to cost less, but if you are truely looking to stretch out your shooting distances, you will need to hand load. Factory ammo is more expensive and a lot less accurate than hand loaded ammo. Also, you will have a difficult time finding anything on the shelf for your .223 that is anything other than FMJ ammo. Sorry, just a sign of the times I guess. Yes other loadings are available but actually finding any to buy is going to be another story all together.
Handloading: Start out with a very basic single stage press. Lee or RCBS is plenty good enough. A set of dies, case lube, bullet tray, trimmer (just a Lee hand trimmer caliber specific and nearly impossible to break or screw up the lenth) powder funnel, scale (spend the money on a digital scale), primer pocket cleaner, hand loading book (your choice but I like RCBS or Hornady) and a Lee hand priming tool. That will most likely get you started. You will save enough $$$ the first year of shooting, to pay for your equipment and it should last many years. You picked a great forum to ask questions because although I have been loading for twenty years, there are many people here with vast amounts more knowledge than me. They will always try to steer you in the right direction to avoid mistakes many of us have already made. Don't try to load above the book recommendations it will only get you hurt!
More then likely however, I will still get critisized for some of the brand choices. I picked them due to cost, durability and simplicity. Good luck! If you have any questions, feel free to PM me. Like I said, I've loaded a lot of both.
Indian Country Lawman