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Seating depth mystery!

 
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Old 05-26-2010, 09:57 PM
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Seating depth mystery!

I was shooting my 6.5 Sherman today with the intention of testing accuracy with different seating depths. I have been seating the 140 Bergers about .010" into the lands with good results but was curious to see what the results would be if I went the other way with large jumps. I was shooting 63 grs. of retumbo with the following seating depths. (1) .010" into lands. (2).040" off of lands (3) .100" off of lands. (1) three shots averaged 3125'. (2) 3 shots averaged 3172 (3) 3 shots averaged 3146'. I thought this was really odd since the spreads within groups averaged 10-15' and the second group seated .040" off the lands was considerably higher than either end? I decided that it might be a brass problem so I reloaded the same three groups only switched brass between seating groups. The temp had cooled off so velocities were a little lower but the results for seating depths remained consistent. Groups 1 and 3 came closer together for avg. but group 2 (.040" off lands) remained about 40' faster on avg. I didn't get around to finishing my original goal because I am still scratching my head as to how this could be? Does anyone have an explanation for this.......Rich
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Old 05-26-2010, 10:25 PM
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Re: Seating depth mystery!

It would be reasonable, given the same powder charges, to expect that the shortest COL would give the highest velocity.

However, why the 0.04" jump gives the higher velocity is a bit of a puzzle.

I could send you an RSI pressure lab if you had a laptop to connect it too. The RSI is pretty revealing. When it comes to pressure curves/spikes/multiple peaks etc.

It's probably the "Sherman" case design.
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Old 05-26-2010, 10:38 PM
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Re: Seating depth mystery!

I think this is just the VLD's Eric recomends a seating depth test. Depending on which bullet you use the Hunting or Target you have to vary your seating depths.

Not sure about the pressure spike either. Was it formed brass?

Jon
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Old 05-26-2010, 10:38 PM
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Re: Seating depth mystery!

Quote:
Originally Posted by elkaholic View Post
I was shooting my 6.5 Sherman today with the intention of testing accuracy with different seating depths. I have been seating the 140 Bergers about .010" into the lands with good results but was curious to see what the results would be if I went the other way with large jumps. I was shooting 63 grs. of retumbo with the following seating depths. (1) .010" into lands. (2).040" off of lands (3) .100" off of lands. (1) three shots averaged 3125'. (2) 3 shots averaged 3172 (3) 3 shots averaged 3146'. I thought this was really odd since the spreads within groups averaged 10-15' and the second group seated .040" off the lands was considerably higher than either end? I decided that it might be a brass problem so I reloaded the same three groups only switched brass between seating groups. The temp had cooled off so velocities were a little lower but the results for seating depths remained consistent. Groups 1 and 3 came closer together for avg. but group 2 (.040" off lands) remained about 40' faster on avg. I didn't get around to finishing my original goal because I am still scratching my head as to how this could be? Does anyone have an explanation for this.......Rich
I have found that more free bore normally increases velocity and allows the use of more powder
without pressure.(That's why Weatherbys are higher velocity at safe pressures)

The Weatherby factory ammo should not be shot in a chamber with very little free bore because
it will normally blow the primers.

Seating close to the lands will force one to back off the powder charge a little.

J E CUSTOM
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Old 05-26-2010, 11:04 PM
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Re: Seating depth mystery!

Quote:
Originally Posted by J E Custom View Post
I have found that more free bore normally increases velocity and allows the use of more powder
without pressure.(That's why Weatherbys are higher velocity at safe pressures)

The Weatherby factory ammo should not be shot in a chamber with very little free bore because
it will normally blow the primers.

Seating close to the lands will force one to back off the powder charge a little.

J E CUSTOM
These were identical loads with varying seating depths. Why would the middle one give the highest velocity?
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Old 05-27-2010, 08:09 AM
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Re: Seating depth mystery!

It could be where peak pressure is occuring in the powder's burn curve.
Could probably see it well with a strain gage.

At 10thou, there is more case capacity per powder, less efficient peaking ->lower pressure
At 40thou, there may be very efficient peaking of the burn curve, with slightly reduced case capacity
At 100thou, there is less case capacity for higher pressure, but again inefficient peaking of the burn curve, because the bullet hesitates little through land engravement(no peak).
All of this with YOUR exact conditions, and not applying to anyone else really(why would it?).
This is why you try a few powders in load development.
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Old 05-27-2010, 08:47 AM
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Re: Seating depth mystery!

Quote:
Originally Posted by Mikecr View Post
It could be where peak pressure is occuring in the powder's burn curve.
Could probably see it well with a strain gage.

At 10thou, there is more case capacity per powder, less efficient peaking ->lower pressure
At 40thou, there may be very efficient peaking of the burn curve, with slightly reduced case capacity
At 100thou, there is less case capacity for higher pressure, but again inefficient peaking of the burn curve, because the bullet hesitates little through land engravement(no peak).
All of this with YOUR exact conditions, and not applying to anyone else really(why would it?).
This is why you try a few powders in load development.
I did notice that the case necks were pretty smokey with the retumbo........
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