Re: Low recoil rifle for whitetails and coyotes. Opinions?
I know of quite a few short action calibers built on long actions. This allows for longer bullets to be seated out closer to the lands on certain chambers for increased accuracy. I know the .284 Win is supposed to be a short action cartridge, but most custom barrels in this caliber (or 6.5-284_ are built on long actions to capitalize on this. 6mm Rem is the same way. In a short action, it limits your seating depth to COAL meeting SAAMI specs when heavier bullets have to be pushed into the case further to match the magazine length. Running them out increases case capacity for powder to fill rather than bullet bases.
As for the .257 caliber, I love that diameter. You can shoot anywhere from 60 gr. varmint bullets up to 120 gr. hunting bullets. .243 goes 55 gr. to 105 gr. Seems like .257 bullets are easier to find right now too with the rush to buy everything off the shelf as soon as it hits the store.
Everything from the .25 Hornet to the .257 Weatherby Magnum with a lot of wildcats thrown in the mix, some even hotter than the Weatherby.
My personal recipe for the .250 Ack. Imp. is Remington brass, CCI 200 LR primer, 44.0 gr. Hodgdon H414, 100 gr. Barnes TSX @ 3300fps. This is safe in my gun. Not even sure what max is for this round, so start lower and work up. I have tried hotter with no signs of pressure, but this is the most accurate load. Brass is trimmed to .005 under max, flash hole de-burred, primer pockets uniformed. No neck turning. COAL is over SAAMI for the round, but still fits in my short action Rem 700, barely, I will have to get the COAL if requested, but it is .0060 off the lands in my rifle.
I usually buy used pawn shop guns just for the action, then build from there. Saves a lot of initial investment when you don't care how the stock looks, the caliber (as long as you have the right bolt face diameter), or how well it shoots at the time you buy it. My .25-06 Ack. Imp. I built was a POS Rem 700 BDL .30-06 with a 22" barrel that looked like someone had it rattling around in their trunk for a while. Got it for $150. Action was in good shape, no rust on the action but the barrel was rusted quite a bit, the stock was hammered. Used the bolt and action and bottom metal after cleaning it up, replaced the rest. Trigger, barrel, stock and bedding, had it Ceracoated, action trued, and put new optics on it.
Something to think about....check the pawn shops...lots of guns out there right now to build on.