Originally Posted by Kabang
Allot of questions are asked regarding best caliber for various kinds of game, and I'm trying to evaluate this from a quantitative perspective. I'm committed to the Humane Kill, so that puts bullet energy and accuracy at the top of the priority list.
I have found Berger Bullets to be very accurate in my match shooting and they have been recommended for hunting so I emailed Brian Litz of Berger Bullets to see what he thought and he responded with this;
There are a lot of variables involved in terminal ballistic performance, sothere are very few hard and fast rules that apply. A few rules of thumb are: you need at least 1000 ft-lb of kinetic energy to kill deer sized game, and Berger VLD's typically require an impact velocity of at least 1800 fps to fully and properly expand. What you want to do is find the bullet that gets the farthest downrange while satisfying both the velocity and kinetic energy requirements.
A 105 grain 6mm bullet needs to be going 2072 fps to hit with 1000 ft-lb.
A 168 grain 7mm bullet needs to be going 1638 fps to hit with 1000 ft-lb.
A 190 grain .30 cal bullet needs to be going 1540 fps to hit with 1000ft-lb.
These are just 3 arbitrary examples, you'll have to run the trajectories for the bullets and calibers you're considering, but that's how to do the analysis. Hope this helps,
After reading Brians Advice, I went to Quickload and Quicktarget to see what might work. I found that the 6.5/47 Lapua cartridge loaded with the Berger 130g VLD had a max range of 750ish yards and still maintain the 1000lb bullet energy and min. 1800 FPS. The 6mmXC cartridge provided slightly less range using the Berger 115g VLD.
Considering the prime directive of Accuracy & Terminal Energy/Velocity being paramont, has anyone else worked with this approach.
Your question is a good one and should get you lots of replies.
My take is a little different than a bullet makers because he will/should think his is the best.
But in order to meet the requirements you have posted (And I agree with your approach)
I add one factor "dependable Performance" on the specific game to be hunted.
There is a lot of difference between a deer and a Elk ,Just like bear and cape buffalo require
different types of bullets to achieve the fastest kills.
I like the SMKs and the VLDs because of accuracy but the extent of damage is inconsistent
from shot to shot so I believe that a more predictable bullet should be used that was
designed for hunting.
Shot placement has a lot to do with the performance of any bullet but some times a perfict
shot with the wrong bullet will be disappointing with ether to much meat damage or none.
An example of just such a phenomenom happened to me a few years ago while hunting
Elk with a 30/378 using a 200gr nozzler partition (A great bullet) and the accuracy of the
rifle is under 1/10 of an inch 5 shot groups.
So I made a good shot thinking it was a done deal,and much to my surprise he just stood
there looking at me like YOU MISSED so I cranked another round in him and he just stood
there glaring at me. So I decided it was his day and not mine.
Just as I laid my rifle down he fell down. While skinning him I descoverd the reason,Both
shots entered just behind the sholder and did not touch a rib and both exited just behind
the off side sholder without touching any ribs ( What are the odds ) neither bullet expanded
and left a bullet size hole both sides.
I have since switched to bullets with the ability to expand in soft tissue but hold together
when striking bone, Like the barnes x or the bonded bullets like the accubond.
I did'nt mean to be so long winded but some times we get caught up in hipe about The golden
Bullet or the one Perfict Rifle for everthing and there is no such thing because to gain one
thing we give up some part of another.
If you shoot at paper use target grade bullets ,If your hunting thick skinned game use heavy
jacketed or solid bullets,for thin skinned game use bonded or controled expansion type bullets
and for varmints where pelt damage is not an issue use thin jacketed bullets.
I realize some will not agree with me and thats ok because I want to save as much meat as
possible but I still want the same as everyone else (Quick one shot kills with little or no
tracking and with the right bullet choice this can be done.
Just an opinion
J E CUSTOM