Originally Posted by cmorsch
Ok, I forgot to say max range based on what cartridge you are shooting.
Again, for any given cartridge that is going to depend on a great many variables from the shooters ability to hit the target in the desired place to the type of bullet, it's BC, and the velocity/energy needed to penetrate and kill the intended animal.
Number one is bullet placement because if you cannot hit the target in the vitals the rest of the variables don't matter.
The kill zone on most medium and large game is going to be between 12-18" high and 2-3" wide if your aimpoint is the shoulder. The maximum possible range for any weapon then will be the the longest range at which you can consistently place the bullet in that zone.
You can go from there looking at various calibers and types of bullets to narrow it down even farther.