Coyote Hunting, Predatorial Series #2 - "Calls Of The Wild"
Coyote Hunting Predatorial Series #2 - "Calls Of The Wild" By Greg Ballard
In the first part of this series we covered some of the very basics of the target of our interest, the coyote. By understanding some of the basic behaviors of the intended quarry we can be better equipped to be more consistently successful in our predator hunting. In this article, I am going to cover one of the most fundamental tools for coyote hunting - the predator call.
The one most basic need of the coyote that you will be exploiting in your hunting will be the absolute need of the coyote to eat. It doesnít matter the time of the year or the weather or any other thing Ö to be able to survive a coyote has to eat. The coyote is an opportunistic omnivore and therefore can eat a huge variety of things from berries to bugs, but they donít have those large canine teeth for nothing and the major part of their diet will consist of prey animals. These prey animals can range from mice to birds to rabbits to deer. Just about anything that the coyote thinks they can take down is likely to become supper and this includes your small house dogs and cats.
Survival in the wild for this predator is also a matter of economy of action so the sounds of a prey animal in distress means an easy meal with a minimum output of energy to obtain that meal and is hard for the coyote to resist. In all reality, it doesnít really make a large difference which distress call that you use since the coyote is willing to take on any target of availability. You donít even need to use the sounds of a prey animal that is found within your hunting area. It is perfectly fine to use the sounds of a snowshoe hare in the middle of Oklahoma or a jack rabbit in Michigan. It is the distress in the calls that matter more to the predator than what is making the distress. A different sound from the commonly found animals in your area might even entice the coyote to respond more readily to your calling.
There are basically two methods of creating the sounds to lure the coyote into shooting range. You can use hand calls where the user holds a call within their hand and then uses their own breath to blow across a reed and produce the sounds or you can use an electronic caller which plays the sounds at the press of a button. Each of these methods works well and each of them has their strengths and weaknesses. We will cover both of these major types of calls.
The hand call is preferred by many who like the simplicity of usage and the fact that they are the ones who are physically controlling the sounds. Using a hand call will allow you to impart inflection and easily adjust volume and tone or start and stop the sounds instantly. It also makes you a more integral part of the overall calling experience and to perhaps even create a sense of pride at being able to call in a coyote using sounds that you yourself created. It does make calling in a coyote more personal. You can purchase many different varieties of production hand calls from about any sporting goods store or you can also have a custom hand call that is made and tuned to suit your exact preferences. There are two forms of hand calls and they are named according to how their reeds are configured. These will be an open reed call and closed reed call.
You can have a hand call custom made to your specifications like this example created for the author by ArkyYoter Game Calls.